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  • The Metropolis Experiment

    Vienna and the 1873 World Exhibition

    Photos: Wien Museum

    Josef  Langl: Vienna around the 1873 World Exhibition © Wien Museum

    Josef Langl: Vienna around the 1873 World Exhibition © Wien Museum

    After “The struggle for the city”, a major exhibition on politics, art and everyday life around 1930, Wien Museum presents another panoramic view of an era. This time, the spotlight is trained on the years around 1870, a crucial transformative phase in Vienna’s development towards becoming a major modern metropolis. From 550,000 around 1850, Vienna’s population had almost doubled to about one million by the 1870s.
    For Vienna, 1873 became the key year of the era. Like the construction of the new Ringstraße, the World Exhibition symbolised the city’s ambitions of attaining international standing. It was the first event of its kind not to be held in London or Paris, and an ostentatious display of superlatives: an area five times as large as the previous show in Paris, 53,000 exhibitors from 35 nations, 194 extravagantly designed pavilions, and crowning it all the Palace of Industry with its 85 – metre – high Rotunda, then the world’s largest domed structure and a new Viennese landmark, and the 800 – metre – long Engine Hall.
    The Exhibition attracted more than seven million visitors between 1 May and 2 November, yet its objectives were only partially met. 1873 was also the year of the great stock exchange crash which brought the phase of economic prosperity and optimistic hopes for the future to an abrupt end.